Venice, the capital of the Veneto region, has a population of more than 270,000, according to the latest census (2004). It is located in the north-east of Italy on numerous small islands in the Venetian Lagoon.
The “City of Bridges”, as it is usually called, stretches along the mouths of the Po and the Piave rivers.
Out of the 270,000 inhabitants, about 62,000 live in the historical center, or city of Venice, about 176,000 live in the mainland or “Terraferma”, behind the lagoon, in locations like Mestre and Marghera, and all others live on islands throughout the lagoon (there are about 100 islands around Venice).
Also known as a famous place for sweethearts, lovers, artists and poets, Venice is a magical city, which stretches across numerous small islands. It is often refered to as the city of “gondole”, which are the means of transportation used to cross the numerous canals passing through the city.
In Venice you’ll find many historical buildings, both with modern interiors and also with the traditional designs which are common all over the city.
GONDOLAS, in fact, are the most famous and romantic means of transportation for experiencing the city. The gondola is the symbol of Venice, which has made it famous all over the world.
The main means of transportation in Venice is by boat, as the city is surrounded by canals (you can find about 150 in Venice), but the city is also easy to visit by foot. The causeway built in the 19th century allows trains to reach the city of Venice from the mainland.
Thanks to the causeway, you can park your motor vehicle at the entrance of the city, and from that point you can reach the historic center by foot or boat. There is also another type of boat which is a symbol of Venice – the “vaporetti“, also called waterbuses or taxis. Just like any landbus, these water buses have lines that pick/drop-you off at different points in the city.
Another important feature of Venice is the manufacturing of glass on the Murano island, an artisan activity which has made the city one of the biggest producers of glass in Europe; the unique high-quality materials they use and the craftsmanship are unrivalled.
Source: About Venice travel guide